Twin Offspring Study in Sweden (TOSS)

The Twin Offspring Study in Sweden (TOSS) is a collection of studies that have examined genetic and environmental contributions in order to measure associations between family relationships and mental health have found two different patterns of results for adults and children. For children, genetic factors explain most of the covariance between parent-child relationships and child adjustment, while in adults nonshared environmental factors account for most of the covariance between marital relationships and adult adjustment. These different patterns of findings suggest that different mechanisms are involved in linking pertinent family relationships to adjustment in children and adults.

Data Are still available

Study Investigators:

Jenae Neiderhiser
Erica Spotts - Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research
Paul Lichtenstein - Karolinska Institute
David Reiss - Yale University